Inanition

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Inanition'

Inanition Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    inanition n
  1. weakness characterized by a lack of vitality or energy [syn: lassitude, lethargy]
  2. exhaustion resulting from lack of food
Inanition Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Inanition \In`a*ni"tion\, n. [F. inanition, L. inanitio emptiness, fr. inanire to empty, fr. inanis empty. Cf. Inane.] The condition of being inane; emptiness; want of fullness, as in the vessels of the body; hence, specifically, exhaustion from want of food, either from partial or complete starvation, or from a disorder of the digestive apparatus, producing the same result. Feeble from inanition, inert from weariness. --Landor. Repletion and inanition may both do harm in two contrary extremes. --Burton.

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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Inanition'


Starvation is a severe reduction in vitamin, nutrient and energy intake. It is the most extreme form of malnutrition. In humans, prolonged starvation can cause permanent organ damage and eventually, death. The term inanition refers to the symptoms and effects of starvation.

According to the World Health Organization, hunger is the single gravest threat to the world's public health.

The basic cause of starvation is an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. In other words, the body expends more energy than it takes in as food. This imbalance can arise from one or more medical conditions and/or circumstantial situations, which can include:

Medical reasons

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