Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
n : a person trained to travel in a spacecraft; "the Russians
called their astronauts cosmonauts" [syn: astronaut, spaceman]
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. While generally reserved for professional space travelers, the term is sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists.
Until 2003, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military, or by civilian space agencies. With the sub-orbital flight of the privately-funded SpaceShipOne in 2004, a new category of astronaut was created: the commercial astronaut.
The criteria for what constitutes human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) Sporting Code for astronautics recognizes only flights that exceed an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 mi). are awarded astronaut wings.[See more about Cosmonaut at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Cosmonaut'
Cosmonaut Sample Sentences in News
- Cosmonaut Valery Kubasov, Apollo-Soyuz Crewmember, Dies at 79
Valery Kubasov, a Soviet-era cosmonaut whose three space missions included the first joint flight between the United States and Russia, died Wednesday (Feb. 19). "Very sad to report that Valery Kubasov has passed away in Moscow," the Association of Space Explorers (ASE), a professional organization whose astronaut and cosmonaut members included Kubasov, Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Russian cosmonaut Valery Kubasov was part of first joint Soviet-US space flight
VALERY KUBASOV 1935-2014 Valery Kubasov was a Russian cosmonaut and the first man to perform a vacuum-welding operation while in orbit. Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Apollo-Soyuz cosmonaut Valery Kubasov dies at 79
Soviet cosmonaut Valery Kubasov, who took part in the first docking of a US Apollo spacecraft with a Soviet Soyuz, has died aged 79, the Russian spacecraft corporation said Thursday. Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'