Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
n : a person trained to travel in a spacecraft; "the Russians
called their astronauts cosmonauts" [syn: astronaut, spaceman]
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. While generally reserved for professional space travelers, the term is sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists.
Until 2003, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military, or by civilian space agencies. With the sub-orbital flight of the privately-funded SpaceShipOne in 2004, a new category of astronaut was created: the commercial astronaut.
The criteria for what constitutes human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) Sporting Code for astronautics recognizes only flights that exceed an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 mi). are awarded astronaut wings.[See more about Cosmonaut at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Cosmonaut'
Cosmonaut Sample Sentences in News
- Cosmonaut Alexander Serebrov, Veteran of 4 Space Missions, Dies at 69
Alexander Serebrov, a Soviet-era cosmonaut who once held the Guinness World Record for the most spacewalks and who was the first to test drive a "space motorcycle," has died at 69, according to Russia's federal space agency. Serebrov retired from the Russian space program in May 1995 to work as an advisor to then President Boris Yeltsin on issues rel Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Aleksandr Serebrov, 69, Dies; Cosmonaut Who Persevered
Mr. Serebrov, who once held a spacewalk record, flew four missions for a program that abandoned Soviet ambitions for Russian spare parts. Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Female achievements in space topic of Friday lecture at NMMSH
Just days before Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to travel to space, the Communist government made sure she looked her best by rewarding her with a trip to a hairdresser. Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'