Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
n : a person trained to travel in a spacecraft; "the Russians
called their astronauts cosmonauts" [syn: astronaut, spaceman]
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. While generally reserved for professional space travelers, the term is sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists.
Until 2003, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military, or by civilian space agencies. With the sub-orbital flight of the privately-funded SpaceShipOne in 2004, a new category of astronaut was created: the commercial astronaut.
The criteria for what constitutes human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) Sporting Code for astronautics recognizes only flights that exceed an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 mi). are awarded astronaut wings.[See more about Cosmonaut at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Cosmonaut'
Cosmonaut Sample Sentences in News
- Spacewalking Cosmonaut Tosses Tiny Satellite Into Space for Peru (Video)
A Russian cosmonaut threw a tiny satellite into the vacuum of space during a spacewalk outside the International Space Station today (Aug. 18). Cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev threw the Peruvian nanosatellite from the space station about 22 minutes after the spacewalk began at 10:02 a.m. EDT (1402 GMT). His fellow spacewalking cosmonaut, Alexander Skvortsov, took photos o Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Amazing Photos from Space Show Fiery Doom of Private US Cargo Ship
An astronaut and cosmonaut on the International Space Station captured some spectacular views of a private spaceship meeting it fiery end above Earth's surface after completing its mission on Sunday (Aug. 17). European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst and Russian cosmonaut Maxim Suraev snapped some stunning photos of Orbital Sciences' unmanned Cygnus Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Spacewalking cosmonauts launch satellite, set up studies
By Irene Klotz CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. - A pair of Russian cosmonauts began their work week on Monday floating outside the International Space Station to toss out a small satellite for a university in Peru, install science experiments and tackle some housekeeping chores. First out of the hatch was cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev, who stood on a ladder outside the station' Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'