Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
n : a person trained to travel in a spacecraft; "the Russians
called their astronauts cosmonauts" [syn: astronaut, spaceman]
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Cosmonaut'
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. While generally reserved for professional space travelers, the term is sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists.
Until 2003, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military, or by civilian space agencies. With the sub-orbital flight of the privately-funded SpaceShipOne in 2004, a new category of astronaut was created: the commercial astronaut.
The criteria for what constitutes human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) Sporting Code for astronautics recognizes only flights that exceed an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 mi). are awarded astronaut wings.[See more about Cosmonaut at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Cosmonaut'
Cosmonaut Sample Sentences in News
- On This Day: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes first man in space
The former steelworker, who was selected by Communist Party chiefs due to his working class credentials, also became the first human to orbit the earth. Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Celebrate the Birth of Human Spaceflight, with Yuri's Night!
Fifty three years ago today, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in history to venture into outer space. Below, Mika McKinnon talks about Gagarin's incredible journey to Earth orbit (and how to best commemorate that journey: by finding the Yuri's Night party nearest you!) Read more... Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'
- Soyuz back on track after glitch
Russian cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov operates the controls of the Soyuz spacecraft while his compatriot, Oleg Artemyev, sits to the right. Read more on this news related to 'Cosmonaut'