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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Conjecture'

Conjecture Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    conjecture n
  1. a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturing (usually with little hard evidence); "speculations about the outcome of the election"; "he dismissed it as mere conjecture" [syn: speculation]
  2. a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence [syn: guess, supposition, surmise, surmisal, speculation, hypothesis]
  3. reasoning that involves the formation of conclusions from incomplete evidence v : to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds; "Scientists supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps" [syn: speculate, theorize, theorise, hypothesize, hypothesise, hypothecate, suppose]
Conjecture Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Conjecture \Con*jec"ture\ (; 135?), n. [L. conjectura, fr. conjicere, conjectum, to throw together, infer, conjecture; con- + jacere to throw: cf. F. conjecturer. See Jet a shooting forth.] An opinion, or judgment, formed on defective or presumptive evidence; probable inference; surmise; guess; suspicion. He [Herodotus] would thus have corrected his first loose conjecture by a real study of nature. --Whewell. Conjectures, fancies, built on nothing firm. --Milton.
Conjecture Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Conjecture \Con*jec"ture\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Conjectured; p. pr. & vb. n. Conjecturing.] [Cf. F. conjecturer. Cf. Conject.] To arrive at by conjecture; to infer on slight evidence; to surmise; to guess; to form, at random, opinions concerning. Human reason can then, at the best, but conjecture what
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Conjecture'

A conjecture is a proposition that is unproven but appears correct and has not been disproven. Karl Popper pioneered the use of the term "conjecture" in scientific philosophy. Conjecture is contrasted by hypothesis (hence theory, axiom, principle), which is a testable statement based on accepted grounds. In mathematics, a conjecture is an unproven proposition or theorem that appears correct.

Until recently, the most famous conjecture was Fermat's Last Theorem. The conjecture taunted mathematicians for over three centuries before Andrew Wiles, a Cambridge University research mathematician, finally proved it in 1995, and now it may properly be called a theorem.

Other famous conjectures include:

The Langlands program is a far-reaching web of these ideas of 'unifying conjectures' that link different subfields of mathematics, e.g. number theory and the representation theory of Lie groups; some of these conjectures have since been proved.

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'Conjecture' in famous quotation sentence

* There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact. - Mark Twain

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Conjecture Sample Sentences in News

  • The Fiver | The Hodge conjecture of European away trips | Paul Doyle
    Click here to have the Fiver sent to your inbox every weekday at 5pm, or if your usual copy has stopped arriving BAYERN MUNICH'S WICKED CINDERELLAS Even at the best of times there is something about Manuel Pellegrini that suggests he knows everything counts for nought. We are doomed. Whether explaining a loss or celebrating a victory, the Chilean somehow alway Read more on this news related to 'Conjecture'
  • Willes: As time ticks down on Torts, the heat turns up on Linden
    It’s been two weeks since the puff of smoke rose over The Rog, announcing Trevor Linden’s appointment as the Vancouver Canucks’ president, and since that time there’s been no shortage of informed conjecture on the future direction of the NHL team. That, in turn, has been good for the media. As for the faithful, not so much. The Canucks are in the process o Read more on this news related to 'Conjecture'
  • Chelsea Clinton's pregnancy fuels presidential election speculation
    The announcement, which Chelsea Clinton made while sitting beside her mother, fuels conjecture about whether Hillary Rodham Clinton will run for president. In the circus of speculation that surrounds Hillary Rodham Clinton and her presidential prospects, Chelsea Clinton dropped a bombshell Thursday with her announcement that she and husband Marc Mezvinsky are expe Read more on this news related to 'Conjecture'

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