Antitoxin

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Antitoxin'

Antitoxin Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    antitoxin n : an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
Antitoxin Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Antitoxin \An`ti*tox"in\, Antitoxine \An`ti*tox"ine\, n. [Pref. anti- + toxin.] A substance (sometimes the product of a specific micro-organism and sometimes naturally present in the blood or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects of pathogenic bacteria.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Antitoxin'


An antitoxin is an antibody with the ability to neutralize a specific toxin. Antitoxins are produced by certain animals, plants, and bacteria. Although they are most effective in neutralizing toxins, they can kill bacteria and other microorganisms. Antitoxins are made within organisms, but can be injected into other organisms, including humans. This procedure involves injecting an animal with a safe amount of a particular toxin. Then, the animal’s body makes the antitoxin needed to neutralize the toxin. Later, the blood is withdrawn from the animal. When the antitoxin is obtained from the blood, it is purified and injected into a human or other animal, inducing passive immunity. To prevent serum sickness, it is often best to use antitoxin generated from the same species (e.g. use human antitoxin to treat humans).

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