Zylonite

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Zylonite'

Zylonite Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Zylonite \Zy"lon*ite\, n. [Gr. ? wood.] Celluloid.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Zylonite'


Cellulose acetate (also known as zyl or zylonite), it is also used as a synthetic fiber and in the manufacture of cigarette filters and playing cards.

Acetate was first introduced in 1904, when Camille Dreyfus and his younger brother Henri, did chemical research and development in a shed in their father's garden in Basel, Switzerland. In as much as their father was interested in a chemical factory, his influence was probably a factor in their choice of careers. And since Basel was a center of the dyestuffs industry, it was natural that their first achievement should be the development of synthetic indigo dyes. In search of a field that offers really limitless potentialities, they deliberately selected that of cellulose acetate products, including fibers for textile use.

For five years, the Dreyfus brothers studied and experimented in a logical, systematic manner in Switzerland and France. By 1910, they had perfected acetate lacquers and plastic film and opened a factory in Basel capable of producing about three tons a day. This was largely sold to the celluloid industry in France and Germany, and to Pathe Fréres in Paris for non-flammable motion picture film base. A small but constantly growing amount of acetate lacquer, called "dope", was sold to the expanding aircraft industry to coat the fabric covering wings and fuselage.

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