Transliteration

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Transliteration'

Transliteration Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    transliteration n : a transcription from one alphabet to another
Transliteration Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Transliteration \Trans*lit`er*a"tion\, n. The act or product of transliterating, or of expressing words of a language by means of the characters of another alphabet.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Transliteration'


Transliteration is the practice of converting a text from one writing system into another in a systematic way. An example of transliteration is typing an e-mail using a qwerty keyboard and sending it in a non-qwerty script.

From an information-theoretical point of view, transliteration is a mapping from one system of writing into another, word by word, or ideally letter by letter. Transliteration attempts to use a one-to-one correspondence and be exact, so that an informed reader should be able to reconstruct the original spelling of unknown transliterated words. To achieve this objective, transliteration may define complex conventions for dealing with letters in a source script which do not correspond with letters in a goal script.

Transliteration is opposed to transcription, which specifically maps the sounds of one language to the best matching script of another language. Still, most systems of transliteration map the letters of the source script to letters pronounced similarly in the goal script, for some specific pair of source and goal language. If the relations between letters and sounds are similar in both languages, a transliteration may be (almost) the same as a transcription. In practice, there are also some mixed transliteration/transcription systems that transliterate a part of the original script and transcribe the rest.

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