Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Synod'
n : a council convened to discuss ecclesiastical business
- Synod \Syn"od\ (s[i^]n"[u^]d), n. [L. synodus, Gr. sy`nodos a
meeting; sy`n with + "odo`s a way; cf. AS. sino[eth],
seno[eth], F. synode, both from the Latin.]
- (Eccl. Hist.) An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters. Note: Synods are of four kinds:
- General, or ecumenical, which are composed of bishops from different nations; -- commonly called general council.
- National, composed of bishops of one nation only.
- Provincial, in which the bishops of only one province meet; -- called also convocations.
- Diocesan, a synod in which the bishop of the diocese or his representative presides. Among Presbyterians, a synod is composed of several adjoining presbyteries. The members are the ministers and a ruling elder from each parish.
- An assembly or council having civil authority; a legislative body. It hath in solemn synods been decreed, Both by the Syracusians and ourselves, To admit no traffic to our adverse towns. --Shak. Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove! And you, bright synod of the powers above. --Dryden.
- (Astron.) A conjunction of two or more of the heavenly bodies. [R.] --Milton.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Synod'
A synod historically is a council of a church, usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. In modern usage, the word often refers to the governing body of a particular church, whether its members are meeting or not. It is also sometimes used to refer to a church that is governed by a synod.
The word comes from the Greek σύνοδος meaning "assembly" or "meeting", and it is synonymous with the Latin word concilium — "council". Originally synods were meetings of bishops, and the word is still used in that sense in Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
Sometimes the phrase general synod or general council refers to an ecumenical council. The word synod also refers to the standing council of high-ranking bishops governing some of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. Similarly, the day-to-day governance of patriarchal and major archiepiscopal Eastern Catholic Churches are entrusted to a permanent synod.[See more about Synod at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Synod'
Synod Sample Sentences in News
- Synod warned of threat which could close majority of Church of Ireland schools
Trinity accused of acting against Protestant applicants Read more on this news related to 'Synod'
- General Synod to vote on whether to create "super diocese" for West Yorkshire and the Yorkshire Dales
A DECISION on whether to create one large diocese covering West Yorkshire and the Yorkshire Dales is to be made by the General Synod. Read more on this news related to 'Synod'
- Anglican synod to face tribunal
BRISBANE's Anglican Archbishop Dr Phillip Aspinall has been accused of bullying in a discrimination complaint brought by a former church director. Read more on this news related to 'Synod'