Suffix

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Suffix'

Suffix Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    suffix n : an affix that is added at the end of the word [syn: postfix] v : attach a suffix to; "suffix words" [ant: prefix]
Suffix Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Suffix \Suf"fix\, n. [L. suffixus, p. p. of suffigere to fasten on, to affix; sub under + figere to fix: cf. F. suffixe. See Fix.]
  1. A letter, letters, syllable, or syllables added or appended to the end of a word or a root to modify the meaning; a postfix.
  2. (Math.) A subscript mark, number, or letter. See Subscript, a.
Suffix Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Suffix \Suf*fix"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Suffixed; p. pr. & vb. n. Suffixing.] To add or annex to the end, as a letter or syllable to a word; to append.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Suffix'


In linguistics, a suffix (also sometimes called a postfix or ending) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs. Particularly in the study of Semitic languages, a suffix is called an afformative, as they can alter the form of the words to which they are fixed. In Indo-European studies, a distinction is made between suffixes and endings (see Proto-Indo-European root).

Suffixes can carry grammatical information (inflectional suffixes). (derivational suffixes). An inflectional suffix is sometimes called a desinence.

Some examples from English:

Many synthetic languages—Czech, German, Finnish, Latin, Hungarian, Russian, Turkish, etc.—use a large number of endings.

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