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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Stoicism'

Stoicism Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    stoicism n
  1. an indifference to pleasure or pain [syn: stolidity, stolidness]
  2. (philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
Stoicism Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Stoicism \Sto"i*cism\, n. [Cf. F. sto["i]cisme.]
  1. The opinions and maxims of the Stoics.
  2. A real or pretended indifference to pleasure or pain; insensibility; impassiveness.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Stoicism'

Stoicism (Greek Στοά) was a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC. The Stoics considered destructive emotions to be the result of errors in judgment, and that a sage, or person of "moral and intellectual perfection," would not suffer such emotions.

Stoic doctrine was a popular and durable philosophy, with a following throughout Greece and the Roman Empire, from its founding until the closing of all philosophy schools in 529 AD by order of the Emperor Justinian I, who perceived their pagan character to be at odds with the Christian faith.

The Stoics provided a unified account of the world, consisting of formal logic, non-dualistic physics and naturalistic ethics. Of these, they emphasized ethics as the main focus of human knowledge, though their logical theories were to be of more interest for many later philosophers.

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