Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Proclitic'
- Proclitic \Pro*clit"ic\, a. [Gr. ? to lean forward; ? forward +
? to lean or incline. Cf. Enclitic.] (Gr. Gram.)
Leaning forward; -- said of certain monosyllabic words which
are so closely attached to the following word as not to have
a separate accent.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Proclitic'
In morphology and syntax, a clitic is a morpheme that is grammatically independent, but phonologically dependent on another word or phrase. It is pronounced like an affix, but works at the phrase level.
Clitics may belong to any grammatical category, though they are commonly pronouns, determiners, or adpositions. Note that orthography is not a good guide for identifying clitics: clitics may be written as independent words, bound affixes, or separated by special characters (e.g., apostrophe).
There are a number of different clitics depending on their position in relation to the word that they are connected to.
A proclitic appears before its host.[See more about Proclitic at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]