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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Presumption'

Presumption Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    presumption n
  1. an assumption that is taken for granted [syn: given, precondition]
  2. (law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed
  3. audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to; "he despised them for their presumptuousness" [syn: presumptuousness, effrontery, assumption]
  4. a kind of discourtesy in the form of an act of presuming; "his presumption was intolerable"
Presumption Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Presumption \Pre*sump"tion\ (?; 215), n. [L. praesumptio: cf. F. pr['e]somption, OF. also presumpcion. See Presume.]
  1. The act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; the act of assuming or taking for granted; belief upon incomplete proof.
  2. Ground for presuming; evidence probable, but not conclusive; strong probability; reasonable supposition; as, the presumption is that an event has taken place.
  3. That which is presumed or assumed; that which is supposed or believed to be real or true, on evidence that is probable but not conclusive. ``In contradiction to these very plausible presumptions.'' --De Quincey.
  4. The act of venturing beyond due beyond due bounds; an overstepping of the bounds of reverence, respect, or courtesy; forward, overconfident, or arrogant opinion or conduct; presumptuousness; arrogance; effrontery. Thy son I killed for his presumption. --Shak. I had the presumption to dedicate to you a very unfinished piece. --Dryden. Conclusive presumption. See under Conclusive. Presumption of fact (Law), an argument of a fact from a fact; an inference as to the existence of one fact not certainly known, from the existence of some other fact known or proved, founded on a previous experience of their connection; supposition of the truth or real existence of something, without direct or positive proof of the fact, but grounded on circumstantial or probable evidence which entitles it to belief. --Burrill. --Best. --Wharton. Presumption of law (Law), a postulate applied in advance to all cases of a particular class; e. g., the presumption of innocence and of regularity of records. Such a presumption is rebuttable or irrebuttable.

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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Presumption'

  • Presumption: In the law of evidence , a presumption of a particular fact can be made without the aid of proof in some situations. types of presumption ...
  • Conclusive presumption: A conclusive presumption (also known as an irrebuttable presumption) is a type of presumption used in several legal systems. ...
  • Presumption of innocence: The presumption of innocence, sometimes referred by the Latin Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit, non qui negat (the principle that one is ...
  • Rebuttable presumption: Both in common law and in civil law , a rebuttable presumption (in Latin , praesumptio iuris tantum) is an assumption made by a court, one ...
  • Presumption of constitutionality: A presumption of constitutionality shifts the burden of proof from the government to the citizen, requiring them to prove that a statute is ...
  • Presumption of legitimacy: The presumption of legitimacy is a common law rule of evidence that states that a child born within the subsistence of a marriage is deemed ...
  • A Presumption of Death: A Presumption of Death is a mystery novel by Jill Paton Walsh , based loosely on The Wimsey Papers by Dorothy L. Sayers . The Wimsey ...

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'Presumption' in famous quotation sentence

* We cross our bridges when we come to them and burn them behind us, with nothing to show for our progress except a memory of the smell of smoke, and a presumption that once our eyes watered. - Tom Stoppard

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