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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Polis'

Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Polis'

Polis (πόλις, pronounced /ˈpɒlɨs/, Ancient Greek: ), literally means city in Greek. It could also mean citizenship and body of citizens. In modern historiography "polis" is normally used to indicate the ancient greek city-states, like Classical Athens and its contemporaries, so polis is often translated as "city-state."

The word originates from the ancient Greek city-states, which developed during the Archaic period, the ancestor of city, state and citizenship, and persisted (though with decreasing influence) well into Roman times, when the equivalent Latin word was civitas, also meaning 'citizenhood', while municipium applied to a non-sovereign local entity. The term city-state which originated in English (alongside the German Stadtstaat) does not fully translate the Greek term. The poleis were not like other primordial ancient city-states like Tyre or Sidon, which were ruled by a king or a small oligarchy, but rather a political entity ruled by its body of citizens. The traditional view of archaeologists, that the appearance of urbanization at excavation sites could be read as a sufficient index for the development of a polis was criticised by François Polignac in 1984 and has not been taken for granted in recent decades: the polis of Sparta for example was established in a network of villages.The term polis which in archaic Greece meant city, changed with the development of the governance center in the city to indicate state (which included its surrounding villages), and finally with the emergence of a citizenship notion between the land owners it came to describe the entire body of citizens. The ancient Greeks didn't refer to Athens, Sparta, Thebes and other poleis as such; they rather spoke of the Athenians, Lacedaemonians, Thebans and so on. The body of citizens came to be the most important meaning of the term polis in ancient Greece.

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'Polis' in famous quotation sentence

* Th' newspaper does ivrything f'r us. It runs th' polis foorce an' th' banks, commands th' milishy, controls th'ligislachure, baptizes th' young, marries th' foolish, comforts th' afflicted, afflicts th' comfortable, buries th' dead an' roasts thim aftherward. - Finley Peter Dunne

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Polis Sample Sentences in News

  • Polis siasat sabotaj air
    Kuala Selangor: Polis mengambil tindakan sewajarnya terhadap dakwaan terdapat pihak yang cuba mensabotaj operasi pengepaman air dari HORAS ke sungai di kawasan Bestari Jaya, Kuala Selangor, semalam. Ketua Polis Daerah Kuala Selangor Mohd Taib Ahmad ketika dihubungi berkata, pihaknya akan bertindak terhadap mana-mana pihak yang didapati mengugut sepasukan pekerja d Read more on this news related to 'Polis'
    KOTA KINABALU, 27 Julai (Bernama) -- Polis memberkas tiga lelaki termasuksuspek utama bagi membantu siasatan kes curi sebuah kenderaan pacuan empat rodadi pekan Menggatal, Jumaat lepas. Timbalan Ketua Polis Daerah Kota Kinabali Supt M. Chandra berkata kesemuamereka diberkas dalam dua operasi semalam. Suspek utama berusia 30 tahun itu diberkas pada 6.40 pagi susula Read more on this news related to 'Polis'
    KUALA TERENGGANU, 27 Julai (Bernama) -- Polis Terengganu memberi tumpuankepada empat lokasi di jalan raya utama negeri itu yang dikenal pasti berisikotinggi berlaku kemalangan maut, terutama pada musim perayaan. Ketua Ketenteraman Awam dan Trafik negeri Supt Alias Hashim berkata laluanberkenaan ialah Km 20 hingga Km 26 (Kampung Alur Tuman), Marang; Km 40 JalanKual Read more on this news related to 'Polis'

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