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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Phlegmon'

Phlegmon Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Phlegmon \Phleg"mon\, n. [L. phlegmone, phlegmon, inflammation beneath the skin, Gr. ?, fr. ? to burn: cf. F. phlegmon.] (Med.) Purulent inflammation of the cellular or areolar tissue.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Phlegmon'

Phlegmon is a spreading diffuse inflammatory process with formation of suppurative/purulent exudate or pus. This is the result of acute purulent inflammation which is due to bacterial infection.

An example would be phlegmon of diverticulitis. In this case a patient would present to the emergency department with left lower quadrant abdominal tenderness, and the diagnosis of sigmoid diverticulitis would be high on the differential diagnosis, yet the best test to confirm it would be CT scan.

Another example, phlegmon affecting the spine, is known as spondylodiskitis and is associated with loss of disc height and endplate destruction. In adults, the bone marrow is affected first, while in children, the disease starts in the disc itself and spreads rapidly to the adjacent vertebral bodies. Phlegmon in the spine can be a diffuse enhancement, or localized abscess, (peripheral enhancement) in the epidural, subligamentous or paraspinous spaces. Under MRI examination, phlegmon will show dark with T1, and high signal (bright) with T2.

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