Philosophy

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Philosophy'

Philosophy Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    philosophy n
  1. a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school [syn: doctrine, philosophical system, school of thought, ism]
  2. the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
  3. any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation; "self-indulgence was his only philosophy"; "my father's philosophy of child-rearing was to let mother do it"
Philosophy Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Philosophy \Phi*los"o*phy\, n.; pl. Philosophies. [OE. philosophie, F. philosophie, L. philosophia, from Gr. ?. See Philosopher.]
  1. Literally, the love of, including the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws. Note: When applied to any particular department of knowledge, philosophy denotes the general laws or principles under which all the subordinate phenomena or facts relating to that subject are comprehended. Thus philosophy, when applied to God and the divine government, is called theology; when applied to material objects, it is called physics; when it treats of man, it is called anthropology and psychology, with which are connected logic and ethics; when it treats of the necessary conceptions and relations by which philosophy is possible, it is called metaphysics. Note: ``Philosophy has been defined: tionscience of things divine and human, and the causes in which they are contained; -- the science of effects by their causes; -- the science of sufficient reasons; -- the science of things possible, inasmuch as they are possible; -- the science of things evidently deduced from first principles; -- the science of truths sensible and abstract; -- the application of reason to its legitimate objects; -- the science of the relations of all knowledge to the necessary ends of human reason; -- the science of the original form of the ego, or mental self; -- the science of science; -- the science of the absolute; -- the scienceof the absolute indifference of the ideal and real.'' --Sir W. Hamilton.
  2. A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained. [Books] of Aristotle and his philosophie. --Chaucer. We shall in vain interpret their words by the notions of our philosophy and the doctrines in our school. --Locke. 220 catflap.bishopston.net dictd 1.11.2/rf on FreeBSD 8.1-STABLE <148169.22485.1288003877@catflap.bishopston.net>
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Philosophy'


Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

The following branches are the main areas of study:

Most academic subjects have a philosophy, for example the philosophy of science, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of logic, the philosophy of law, and the philosophy of history. In addition, a range of academic subjects have emerged to deal with areas that historically were the subject of philosophy. These include science, anthropology, and psychology.

The introduction of the terms "philosopher" and "philosophy" has been ascribed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras (see Diogenes Laertius: "De vita et moribus philosophorum", I, 12; Cicero: "Tusculanae disputationes", V, 8-9). The ascription is based on a passage in a lost work of Herakleides Pontikos, a disciple of Aristotle. It is considered to be part of the widespread legends of Pythagoras of this time. "Philosopher" replaced the word "sophist" (from sophoi), which meant "wise men", teachers of rhetoric, who were important in Athenian democracy.

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'Philosophy' in famous quotation sentence


* University President Why is it that you physicists always require so much expensive equipment Now the Department of Mathematics requires nothing but money for paper, pencils, and erasers...and the Department of Philosophy is better still. It doesn't even ask for erasers. - Isaac Asimov

* A fool's brain digests philosophy into folly, science into superstition, and art into pedantry. Hence University education. - George Bernard Shaw

* I have gained this by philosophy that I do without being commanded what others do only from fear of the law. - Aristotle


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Philosophy Sample Sentences in News


  • CU-Boulder investigating yet another philosophy professor -- Brad Monton
    The University of Colorado is investigating yet another professor within the beleaguered philosophy department on the Boulder campus. Associate professor Brad Monton is the subject of a report by Denver-based attorney David Fine for university administrators, according to an email from an account that appears to be Fine's. Read more on this news related to 'Philosophy'
  • Art, Science & Philosophy Behind Photos of Oldest Living Things
    What can a simple, unadorned photograph of a tree teach people about a heady concept like "deep time" or "year zero?" Quite a lot, actually, if the photographer in question is Rachel Sussman. The scientists immediately recused themselves and said, "I'm not qualified." But for myself as an artist, I was able to come in and say, &qu Read more on this news related to 'Philosophy'
  • Peter Godfrey-Smith Takes On The Philosophy Of Biology
    Peter Godfrey-Smith's new book Philosophy of Biology is an excellent overview of the questions biologists love to argue about. Read more on this news related to 'Philosophy'

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