Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Pestle'
- machine consisting of a heavy bar that moves vertically for pounding or crushing ores [syn: stamp]
- a heavy tool of stone or iron (usually with a flat base and a handle) that is used to grind and mix material (as grain or drugs or pigments) against a slab of stone [syn: muller, pounder]
- a club-shaped hand tool for grinding and mixing substances in a mortar v : grind or pulverize in a pestle
- Pestle \Pes"tle\, n. [OE. pestel, OF. pestel, LL. pestellum, L.
pistillum, pistillus, a pounder, pestle, fr. pisere, pinsere,
to pound, crush, akin to Gr. ?, Skr. pish. Cf. Pistil.]
- An implement for pounding and breaking or braying substances in a mortar.
- A constable's or bailiff's staff; -- so called from its shape. [Obs.] --Chapman.
- The leg and leg bone of an animal, especially of a pig; as, a pestle of pork.
- Pestle \Pes"tle\, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Pestled; p. pr. &
vb. n. Pestling.]
To pound, pulverize, bray, or mix with a pestle, or as with a
pestle; to use a pestle.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Pestle'
A mortar and pestle is a tool used to crush, grind, and mix solid substances (trituration). The pestle is a heavy bat-shaped object, the end of which is used for crushing and grinding. The mortar is a bowl, typically made of hard wood, ceramic or stone. The substance to be ground is placed in the mortar and ground, crushed or mixed with the pestle.
The English word mortar derives from classical Latin mortarium, meaning, among several other usages, "receptacle for pounding" and "product of grinding or pounding". The classical Latin pistillum, meaning "pounder", led to English pestle. The Roman poet Juvenal applied both mortarium and pistillum to articles used in the preparation of drugs, reflecting the early use of the mortar and pestle as a pharmacist's or apothecary's symbol.
Mortars and pestles were traditionally used in pharmacies to crush various ingredients prior to preparing an extemporaneous prescription. The mortar and pestle, along with the Rod of Asclepius, the Green Cross, and others, is one of the most pervasive symbols of pharmacology, along with the show globe. For pharmaceutical use, the mortar and the head of the pestle are usually made of porcelain, while the handle of the pestle is made of wood. This is known as a Wedgwood mortar and pestle and originated in 1779. Today the act of mixing ingredients or reducing the particle size is known as trituration. Mortars and pestles are also used as drug paraphernalia to grind up pills to speed up absorption when they are ingested, or in preparation for insufflation.[See more about Pestle at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Pestle'