Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Pelagic'
adj : relating to or occurring or living in or frequenting the
open ocean; "oceanic islands like Bermuda"; "oceanic
currents"; "oceanic birds"; "pelagic organisms";
"pelagic whaling" [syn: oceanic]
- Pelagic \Pe*lag"ic\, a. [L. pelagicus.]
Of or pertaining to the ocean; -- applied especially to
animals that live at the surface of the ocean, away from the
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Pelagic'
Any water in the sea that is not close to the bottom or near to the shore is in the pelagic zone. The word pelagic comes from the Greek πέλαγος or pélagos, which means "open sea." The pelagic zone can be thought of in terms of an imaginary cylinder or water column that goes from the surface of the sea almost to the bottom, as shown in the diagram below. Conditions change deeper down the water column; the pressure increases, the temperature drops and there is less light. Depending on the depth, scientists further subdivide the water column, rather like the Earth's atmosphere is divided into different layers.
The pelagic zone occupies 1,370 million cubic kilometres (330 million cubic miles) and has a vertical range up to 11 kilometres (6.8 miles). Fish that live in the pelagic zone are called pelagic fish. Pelagic life decreases with increasing depth. It is affected by light levels, pressure, temperature, salinity, the supply of dissolved oxygen and nutrients, and the submarine topography. In deep water, the pelagic zone is sometimes called the open-ocean zone and can be contrasted with water that is near the coast or on the continental shelf. However in other contexts, coastal water that is not near the bottom is still said to be in the pelagic zone.[See more about Pelagic at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Pelagic'
Pelagic Sample Sentences in News
- EU pelagic fishing industry welcomes possible sanction measure
The pelagic fishing industry of the EU, organized in the Northern Pelagic Working Group (NPWG), has welcomed the announcement made by Euro-commissioner Maria Damanaki to adopt a trade sanction measure against Faroe Islands as a reaction to the country’s irresponsible behaviour in the Atlanto-Scandian herring fisheries which goes directly against the sustainable Read more on this news related to 'Pelagic'
- Biodiversity Is commercial fishing altering ocean food webs?
New study shows how the diet of pelagic birds has changed over time By Summit Voice FRISCO — Some in-depth biological detective work suggests there have been drastic changes in open-ocean food webs since the onset of industrial fishing, with potentially significant implications for threatened seabirds. The key to detecting the changes was analyzing the […] Read more on this news related to 'Pelagic'
- EU moving towards sanctions over herring stocks
THE European Union is finally moving towards imposing sanctions against the Faroes and Iceland in the continuing dispute over the Nordic nations’ decision to set their own quotas for the vital pelagic stocks of mackerel and herring. Read more on this news related to 'Pelagic'