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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Peculiarities'

Peculiarities Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Peculiarity \Pe*cul`iar"i*ty\, n.; pl. Peculiarities.
  1. The quality or state of being peculiar; individuality; singularity. --Swift.
  2. That which is peculiar; a special and distinctive characteristic or habit; particularity. The smallest peculiarity of temper on manner. --Macaulay.
  3. Exclusive possession or right. [Obs.] --Bp. Hall.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Peculiarities'

Idiosyncrasy, from Ancient Greek ἰδιοσυγκρασία, idiosynkrasía, "a peculiar temperament", "habit of body" (ἴδιος, idios "one's own", σύν, syn "with" and κρᾶσις krasis "mixture") is defined as an individualizing quality or characteristic of a person or group, and is often used to express eccentricity or peculiarity. The term can also be applied to symbols. Idiosyncratic symbols mean one thing for a particular person, as a blade could mean war, but to someone else, it could symbolize a surgery. By the same principle, linguists (such as Ferdinand de Saussure) state that words are not only arbitrary, but also largely idiosyncratic signs.

Idiosyncrasy defined the way physicians conceived diseases in the nineteenth century. They considered each disease as a unique condition, related to each patient. This understanding began to change in the 1870s, when discoveries made by researchers in Europe permitted the advent of a 'scientific medicine', a precursor to the Evidence-Based Medicine that is the standard of practice today.

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