Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Patois'
- a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo" [syn: cant, jargon, slang, lingo, argot, vernacular]
- a regional dialect of a language (especially French); usually considered substandard
- Patois \Pa`tois"\, n. [F.]
A dialect peculiar to the illiterate classes; a provincial
form of speech.
The jargon and patois of several provinces. --Sir T.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Patois'
Patois (English pronunciation: /ˈpætwɑː/, pl. /ˈpætwɑːz/) is any language that is considered nonstandard, although the term is not formally defined in linguistics. It can refer to pidgins, creoles, dialects, and other forms of native or local speech, but not commonly to jargon or slang, which are vocabulary-based forms of cant. Class distinctions are embedded in the term, drawn between those who speak patois and those who speak the standard or dominant language used in literature and public speaking, i.e., the "acrolect".
The term patois comes from French, from Old French patois "incomprehensible speech, rude language", but beyond that its origin is uncertain. One derivation it may derive from Latin patria (homeland) referring to the localised spread of the language variety.[See more about Patois at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Patois'