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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Occident'

Occident Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    Occident n
  1. the countries of (originally) Europe and (now including) North and South America [syn: West]
  2. the hemisphere that includes North and South America [syn: western hemisphere, New World]
Occident Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Occident \Oc"ci*dent\, n. [F., fr. L. occidens, occidentis, fr. occidents, p. pr. of occidere to fall or go down. See Occasion.] The part of the horizon where the sun last appears in the evening; that part of the earth towards the sunset; the west; -- opposed to orient. Specifically, in former times, Europe as opposed to Asia; now, also, the Western hemisphere. --Chaucer. I may wander from east to occident. --Shak.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Occident'

The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, west"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term that can have multiple meanings depending on its context (e.g., the time period, the region or social situation). Accordingly, the basic definition of what constitutes "the West" varies, expanding and contracting over time, in relation to various historical circumstances. Ideally, each nation as it exists today should determine if they are a part of this classification instead of this being judged by outside individuals. Each nation has distinct peoples, languages, and influences.

The concept of the Western world has its roots in Greco-Roman civilization in Europe, the advent of Christianity, and the Great Schism in the 11th Century which divided the religion into Eastern and Western halves. In the modern era, Western culture has been heavily influenced by the traditions of The Renaissance and The Enlightenment, and shaped by expansive colonialism in the 18th-19th Century. Its political usage was temporarily informed by mutual antagonism with the Soviet bloc during the Cold War in the mid to late 20th Century. In the contemporary political and cultural context, the Western World generally refers to the nations of the Americas, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan, and to some extent South Africa along with many other former colonies of various European countries that are now mostly territories.].

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