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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Dictionary

Definitions from Wordnet 2.0

  • the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq

Definitions from Wiktionary

  • the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq

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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Wikipedia

Mesopotamia, from the Greek language, means 'land between rivers'. It includes the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, and the fertile land which surrounds them. It is part of the Fertile Crescent. Mesopotamia today is split. Most of it is in Iraq, but parts are in Kuwait, Syria, Turkey and Iran.

The area is often called the 'Cradle of Civilization'. The ancient writing called cuneiform was first used around 3000 BC by the Sumerians. They lived in city-states (a city and the land around it). According to Genesis in the Old Testament, Abraham lived in Mesopotamia before moving to Canaan.

Historically important cities in Mesopotamia included Uruk, Nippur, Nineveh, and Babylon, as well as major territorial states such as the city of Ma-asesblu, the Akkadian kingdom, the Third Dynasty of Ur, and the Assyrian empire. Some of the important historical Mesopotamian leaders were Ur-Nammu (king of Ur), Sargon (who started the Akkadian Kingdom), Hammurabi (who established the Old Babylonian state), and Tiglath-Pileser I (who started the Assyrian Empire).

Mesopotamia Sample Sentences in News

  • Ancient Mesopotamia at Risk of Destruction by IS Thugs
    This summer, the expansion of the self-proclaimed Islamic State has resulted in the uncontrolled plunder and destruction of thousands of priceless archeological and architectural treasures and artifacts representing millennia of history in northern Mesopotamia. Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'
  • Mandatory Palestine: What It Was and Why It Matters
    "Mandated territories granted England include: Tanganyika Territory (formerly part of German East Africa), Mesopotamia and Palestine," wrote TIME in a brief news bit in 1923—a fleeting mention of a decision that would change the face of the Middle East as we know it Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'
  • Book Trailer: ‘Forbidden’ by Kimberly Griffiths Little
    Today we are revealing the book trailer for Forbidden by Kimberly Griffiths Little. Take a journey to Ancient Mesopotamia and follow one girl as she discovers that there is more to life than duty to your tribe. On November 4, HarperCollins unveils Forbidden, a seductive YA debut from award-winning middle grade author Kimberley Griffiths Little. […] The post Book Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'

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