Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Dictionary

Definitions from Wordnet 2.0


  • the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq

Definitions from Wiktionary


  • the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq

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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Wikipedia


Mesopotamia, from the Greek language, means 'land between rivers'. It includes the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, and the fertile land which surrounds them. It is part of the Fertile Crescent. Mesopotamia today is split. Most of it is in Iraq, but parts are in Kuwait, Syria, Turkey and Iran.

The area is often called the 'Cradle of Civilization'. The ancient writing called cuneiform was first used around 3000 BC by the Sumerians. They lived in city-states (a city and the land around it). According to Genesis in the Old Testament, Abraham lived in Mesopotamia before moving to Canaan.

Historically important cities in Mesopotamia included Uruk, Nippur, Nineveh, and Babylon, as well as major territorial states such as the city of Ma-asesblu, the Akkadian kingdom, the Third Dynasty of Ur, and the Assyrian empire. Some of the important historical Mesopotamian leaders were Ur-Nammu (king of Ur), Sargon (who started the Akkadian Kingdom), Hammurabi (who established the Old Babylonian state), and Tiglath-Pileser I (who started the Assyrian Empire).



Mesopotamia Sample Sentences in News


  • Bronze Age beads in Denmark are traced to EGYPT: Ancient Nordic jewellery matches material used in Tutankhamun's death ...
    Blue beads unearthed in an ancient ├ślby grave, south of Copenhagen, match material from Amarna in Egypt and Nippur in Mesopotamia, revealing trade routes 3,400 years ago. Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'
  • In Iraq, police force to fight ISIS has been largely abandoned
    The Americans are long gone, al-Qaida in Mesopotamia has morphed into the Islamic State, and the Iraqi government has not paid their salaries in months. Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'

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