Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Dictionary

Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    Mesopotamia n : the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq

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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Wikipedia


Mesopotamia, from the Greek language, means 'between the rivers'. It includes the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, and the fertile land which surrounds them. It is part of the Fertile Crescent. Mesopotamia is today is split. Most of it is in Iraq, but parts are in Syria, Turkey and Iran.

The area is often called the 'Cradle of Civilization'. The ancient writing called cuneiform was first used around 3000 BC by the Sumerians. They lived in city-states (a city and the land around it). According to Genesis in the Old Testament, Abraham lived in Mesopotamia before moving to Canaan.

Historically important cities in Mesopotamia included Uruk, Nippur, Nineveh, and Babylon, as well as major territorial states such as the city of Ma-asesblu, the Akkadian kingdom, the Third Dynasty of Ur, and the Assyrian empire. Some of the important historical Mesopotamian leaders were Ur-Nammu (king of Ur), Sargon (who started the Akkadian Kingdom), Hammurabi (who established the Old Babylonian state), and Tiglath-Pileser I (who started the Assyrian Empire).

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