Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Dictionary
n : the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several
ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
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Mesopotamia Meaning and Definition in Wikipedia
Mesopotamia, from the Greek language, means 'between the rivers'. It includes the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, and the fertile land which surrounds them. It is part of the Fertile Crescent. Mesopotamia is today is split. Most of it is in Iraq, but parts are in Syria, Turkey and Iran.
The area is often called the 'Cradle of Civilization'. The ancient writing called cuneiform was first used around 3000 BC by the Sumerians. They lived in city-states (a city and the land around it). According to Genesis in the Old Testament, Abraham lived in Mesopotamia before moving to Canaan.
Historically important cities in Mesopotamia included Uruk, Nippur, Nineveh, and Babylon, as well as major territorial states such as the city of Ma-asesblu, the Akkadian kingdom, the Third Dynasty of Ur, and the Assyrian empire. Some of the important historical Mesopotamian leaders were Ur-Nammu (king of Ur), Sargon (who started the Akkadian Kingdom), Hammurabi (who established the Old Babylonian state), and Tiglath-Pileser I (who started the Assyrian Empire).[See more about Mesopotamia at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
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Mesopotamia Sample Sentences in News
- Societal changes in Bronze Age Arabia... here’s the tooth in the matter
In the late third millenium BC, society in south-eastern Arabia began to change. The environment grew extremely arid and trade with Mesopotamia was in decline. The Bronze Age transition from the Umm An Nar (2700 to 2000 BC) to the Wadi Suq (2000 to 1300 BC) period is hotly debated by archaeologists. The popular view is that external forces - such as acute climat Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'
- UN chief honours India's 'forgotten' heroes from World War I
In the centenary year of the Great War, which saw over a million Indians fighting in battles as diverse as Ypres, Somme and Mesopotamia, Egypt, China and Singapore, memories of their bravery has dimmed considerably in India. Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'
- Deepak Lal: Born in blood
The stunning march of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or the ISIS, since June through parts of those two countries, and its growing threat to Jordan and Lebanon as it seeks to establish an Islamic caliphate in the old unified Mesopotamia, brings to mind another electrifying campaign in the seventh century AD that destroyed the classical world of antiquity and Read more on this news related to 'Mesopotamia'