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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Manichaean'

Manichaean Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    Manichaean adj
  1. of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of dualism; "a Manichaean conflict between good and evil" [syn: dualistic]
  2. of or relating to Manichaeism [syn: Manichean, Manichee] n : an adherent of Manichaeism [syn: Manichean, Manichee]
Manichaean Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Manichaean \Man`i*ch[ae]"an\, Manichean \Man`i*che"an\, Manichee \Man"i*chee\, n. [LL. Manichaeus: cf. F. manich['e]en.] A believer in the doctrines of Manes, a Persian of the third century A. D., who taught a dualism in which Light is regarded as the source of Good, and Darkness as the source of Evil. The Manich[ae]ans stand as representatives of dualism pushed to its utmost development. --Tylor.
Manichaean Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Manichaean \Man`i*ch[ae]"an\, Manichean \Man`i*che"an\, a. Of or pertaining to the Manich[ae]ans.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Manichaean'

Manichaeism (pronounced /ˈmænɨkiː.ɪzəm/; in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni; Chinese: 摩尼教; pinyin: Móní Jiào) was one of the major Iranian Gnostic religions, originating in Sassanid Persia. Although most of the original writings of the founding prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes) (c. 216–276 AD) have been lost, numerous translations and fragmentary texts have survived. Manichaeism taught an elaborate cosmology describing the struggle between a good, spiritual world of light, and an evil, material world of darkness. Through an ongoing process which takes place in human history, light is gradually removed from the world of matter and returned to the world of light from which it came.

Manichaeism thrived between the third and seventh centuries, and at its height was one of the most widespread religions in the world. Manichaean churches and scriptures existed as far east as China and as far west as the Roman Empire. contemporary to the decline in China of the Church of the East – see Ming Dynasty.

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