Iroquois Meaning and Definition in Dictionary
- any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York state; the Iroquois League were allies of the British during the American Revolution
- a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Iroquois peoples [syn: Iroquoian, Iroquoian language]
- Iroquois \Ir`o*quois"\, n. sing. & pl. [F.] (Ethnol.)
A powerful and warlike confederacy of Indian tribes, formerly
inhabiting Central New York and constituting most of the Five
Nations. Also, any Indian of the Iroquois tribes.
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Iroquois Meaning and Definition in Wikipedia
The Iroquois (pronounced /ˈɪrəkwɔɪ/), also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse", near Syracuse, New York.
When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Iroquois lived in what is now the northeastern United States, mostly in what is today upstate New York, west of the Hudson River and through the Finger Lakes region. Today, the Iroquois live mostly in New York and Canada.
The Iroquois League has also been called the Iroquois Confederacy. Some modern scholars now think the League and the Confederacy are different.
The Iroquois call themselves the "Haudenosaunee", which means "People of the Longhouse," or more accurately, "They Are Building a Long House." According to their tradition, The Great Peacemaker came up with the name at the time the League was formed. It implies that the nations of the League should live together as families in the same longhouse. Symbolically, the Mohawk guarded the eastern door, as they lived in the east closest to the Hudson River, and the Seneca guarded the western door of the "tribal longhouse", the land they controlled in New York. The Onondaga, who lived in the center of Haudenosaunee territory, were keepers of the League's (both literal and figurative) central flame. The French colonists called the Haudenosaunee by the name of Iroquois. There are several different places this name might have come from:[See more about Iroquois at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
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