Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Hydrolysis'
n : a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to
produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond
and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide
anion from the water
- Hydrolysis \Hy*drol"y*sis\, n. [Hydro-, 1 + -lysis.] (Chem.)
A chemical process involving the addition of the elements of
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Hydrolysis'
Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction or process in which a chemical compound reacts with water. This is the type of reaction that is used to break down polymers into many smaller units. In this reaction always water is added to the chemical compound.
(As noted above, hydrolysis of metal salts is more commonly known as hydration.) Many metal ions are strong Lewis acids, and in water they may undergo hydrolysis to form basic salts. Such salts contain a hydroxyl group that is directly bound to the metal ion in place of a water ligand. The positive charge on metal ions creates an attraction to water, a Lewis base with a non-binding electron pair on the oxygen atom, and alters water's electron density. This in turn increases the polarity of the O-H bond, which now acts as a proton donor under Brønsted-Lowry acid-base theory to release the hydrogen as a H+ ion, increasing the acidity of the solution. For example, aluminium chloride undergoes extensive hydrolysis in water such that the solution becomes very acidic.[See more about Hydrolysis at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Hydrolysis'
Hydrolysis Sample Sentences in News
- Protease Enzymes Market worth $2,767 Million by 2019
DALLAS, April 8, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The report " Protein Hydrolysis Enzymes Market by Sources (Microorganisms, Animals, Plants), Applications (Detergent Industry, Pharmaceuticals, Food Industry ... Read more on this news related to 'Hydrolysis'
- Protease Enzymes Market Worth $2,767 Million by 2019 - A New Report by MarketsandMarkets
Protease enzymes market report analyses various important aspects of the market. It includes an analysis of the competitive landscape, In addition, key players of this market have also been profiled; http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/protein-hydrolysis-enzymes-market-12636477.html . (PRWeb April 15, 2014) Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/r Read more on this news related to 'Hydrolysis'
- Berlin to send frigate to help destroy Syrian chemical weapons
The German government agreed on Wednesday to send a frigate to take part in an international mission in the Mediterranean Sea to destroy Syria's chemical weapons. Up to 300 German soldiers will take part in the deployment to help protect the US vessel, MV Cape Ray, aboard which the weapons will be broken down at sea using hydrolysis. Germany has already accept Read more on this news related to 'Hydrolysis'