Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Hiccough'
n : (usually plural) the state of having reflex spasms of the
diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis
producing an audible sound; sometimes a symptom of
indigestion; "how do you cure the hiccups?" [syn: hiccup,
v : breathe spasmodically, and make a sound; "When you have to
hiccup, drink a glass of cold water" [syn: hiccup]
- Hiccough \Hic"cough\ (?; 277), n. [OE. hickup, hicket, hickock;
prob. of imitative origin; cf. D. & Dan. hik, Sw. hicka,
Armor. hak, hik, W. ig, F. hoquet.] (Physiol.)
A modified respiratory movement; a spasmodic inspiration,
consisting of a sudden contraction of the diaphragm,
accompanied with closure of the glottis, so that further
entrance of air is prevented, while the impulse of the column
of air entering and striking upon the closed glottis produces
a sound, or hiccough. [Written also hickup or hiccup.]
- Hiccough \Hic"cough\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hiccoughed; p. pr. &
vb. n. Hiccoughing.]
To have a hiccough or hiccoughs.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Hiccough'
A hiccup or hiccough (pronounced /ˈhɪkʌp/ HICK-up) is a contraction of the diaphragm that repeats several times per minute. In humans, the abrupt rush of air into the lungs causes the epiglottis to close, creating a "hic" sound.
In medicine it is known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF), or singultus, from the Latin singult, "the act of catching one's breath while sobbing".
A bout of hiccups, in general, resolves itself without intervention, although many home remedies claim to shorten the duration, and medical treatment is occasionally necessary in cases of chronic hiccups.
Hiccups are caused by many central and peripheral nervous system disorders, all from injury or irritation to the phrenic and vagus nerves, as well as toxic or metabolic disorders affecting the aforementioned systems. Hiccups often occur after consuming carbonated beverages, alcohol, dry breads, or spicy foods. Prolonged laughter or eating too fast are also known to cause hiccups. Persistent or intractable hiccups may be caused by any condition which irritates or damages the relevant nerves. Chemotherapy—which can include a huge number of different drugs—has been implicated in hiccups (some data states 30 percent of patients),[See more about Hiccough at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
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