Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Fern'
n : any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants
having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl
upward; reproduce by spores
- Fern \Fern\, adv.
Long ago. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
- Fern \Fern\, a. [AS. fyrn.]
Ancient; old. [Obs.] ``Pilgrimages to . . . ferne halwes.''
- Fern \Fern\, n. [AS. fearn; akin to D. varen, G. farn,
farnkraut; cf. Skr. par[.n]a wing, feather, leaf, sort of
plant, or Lith. papartis fern.] (Bot.)
An order of cryptogamous plants, the Filices, which have
their fructification on the back of the fronds or leaves.
They are usually found in humid soil, sometimes grow
epiphytically on trees, and in tropical climates often attain
a gigantic size.
Note: The plants are asexual, and bear clustered sporangia,
containing minute spores, which germinate and form
prothalli, on which are borne the true organs of
reproduction. The brake or bracken, the maidenhair, and
the polypody are all well known ferns.
Christmas fern. See under Christmas.
Climbing fern (Bot.), a delicate North American fern
(Lygodium palmatum), which climbs several feet high over
bushes, etc., and is much sought for purposes of
Fern owl. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The European goatsucker.
(b) The short-eared owl. [Prov. Eng.] -- Fern shaw, a fern
thicket. [Eng.] --R. Browning.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Fern'
A fern is any one of a group of about 12,000 species of plants. Unlike mosses, they have xylem and phloem (making them vascular plants). They have stems, leaves, and roots like other vascular plants. Ferns do not have either seeds or flowers (they reproduce via spores).
By far the largest group of ferns are the leptosporangiate ferns, but ferns as defined here (also called monilophytes) include horsetails, whisk ferns, marattioid ferns, and ophioglossoid ferns. The term pteridophyte also refers to ferns (and possibly other seedless vascular plants; see classification section below). A pteridologist is a specialist in the study of ferns and lycophytes.
Ferns first appear in the fossil record 360 million years ago in the Carboniferous but many of the current families and species did not appear until roughly 145 million years ago in the late Cretaceous (after flowering plants came to dominate many environments).[See more about Fern at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Fern'
Meaning of the Name 'Fern'
- Meaning: Fern
- Origin: English
- Gender: Female