Epigraphist

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Epigraphist'

Epigraphist Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Epigraphist \E*pig"ra*phist\, n. A student of, or one versed in, epigraphy.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Epigraphist'


Epigraphy (from the Greek: ἐπιγραφή epi-graphē, literally "on-writing", "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; that is, the science of identifying the graphemes and of classifying their use as to cultural context and date, elucidating their meaning and assessing what conclusions can be deduced concerning the writing and the writers. Specifically excluded from epigraphy is the historical significance of an epigraph as a document or the artistic value of a literary composition.

A person utilizing the methods of epigraphy is called an epigrapher or epigraphist. For example, the Behistun inscription is an official document of the Achaemenid Empire engraved on native rock at a location in Iran. Epigraphists are responsible for reconstructing, translating and dating the trilingual inscription and finding any relevant circumstances. It is the work of historians, however, to determine and interpret the events recorded by the inscription as document. Often epigraphy and history are competences practiced by the same person.

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