Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Endocarditis'
n : inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
- Endocarditis \En`do*car*di"tis\, n. [NL. See -itis.] (Med.)
Inflammation of the endocardium.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Endocarditis'
Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. It usually involves the heart valves (native or prosthetic valves). Other structures which may be involved include the interventricular septum, the chordae tendineae, the mural endocardium, or even on intracardiac devices. Endocarditis is characterized by a prototypic lesion, the vegetation, which is a mass of platelets, fibrin, microcolonies of microorganisms, and scant inﬂammatory cells.
There are multiple ways to classify endocarditis. The simplest classification is based on etiology: either infective or non-infective, depending on whether a microorganism is the source of the inflammation. Regardless, diagnosis of endocarditis is based on the clinical features, investigations such as echocardiogram, as well as any blood cultures demonstrating the presence of endocarditis-causing microorganisms.[See more about Endocarditis at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Endocarditis'
Endocarditis Sample Sentences in News
- Key enzyme found in disease-causing bacteria responsible for heart valve disease
A disease-causing bacterium found in the mouth needs manganese, a trace mineral, in order to cause a serious heart infection, according to a preclinical study. Researchers have been studying the bacterium Streptococcus sanguinis to understand its role in infective endocarditis, a heart valve disease. The infection is hard to treat and can be deadly, killing more t Read more on this news related to 'Endocarditis'
- Pulling Teeth May Not Reduce Cardiac Infection Risk
When patients have the potentially dangerous combination of abscessed or infected teeth and the need for heart surgery, the problem teeth often are removed before surgery to reduce the risk of infections including potentially lethal endocarditis. Read more on this news related to 'Endocarditis'
- Tooth Extraction Prior to Cardiac Surgery May Not Be a Good Idea
People with an infected or abscessed tooth are at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease. They are at particular risk for developing a serious infection during surgery, including endocarditis, a potentially life-threatening infection of the heart. Because of this risk, in order to reduce the chance of infection, many patients undergo dental extraction prior to h Read more on this news related to 'Endocarditis'