Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Cynical'
adj : believing the worst of human nature and motives; having a
sneering disbelief in e.g. selflessness of others [syn:
- Cynic \Cyn"ic\ (s[i^]n"[i^]k), Cynical \Cyn"ic*al\ (-[i^]*kal),
a. [L. cynicus of the sect of Cynics, fr. Gr. kyniko`s,
prop., dog-like, fr. ky`wn, kyno`s, dog. See Hound.]
- Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; currish. I hope it is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received. --Johnson.
- Pertaining to the Dog Star; as, the cynic, or Sothic, year; cynic cycle.
- Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics.
- Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by moral principles; disbelieving in the reality of any human purposes which are not suggested or directed by self-interest or self-indulgence; as, a cynical man who scoffs at pretensions of integrity; characterized by such opinions; as, cynical views of human nature. Note: In prose, cynical is used rather than cynic, in the senses 1 and 4. Cynic spasm (Med.), a convulsive contraction of the muscles of one side of the face, producing a sort of grin, suggesting certain movements in the upper lip of a dog.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Cynical'
Cynicism (Greek: κυνισμός), in its original form, refers to the beliefs of an ancient school of Greek philosophers known as the Cynics (Greek: Κυνικοί, Latin: Cynici). Their philosophy was that the purpose of life was to live a life of Virtue in agreement with Nature. This meant rejecting all conventional desires for wealth, power, health, and fame, and by living a simple life free from all possessions. As reasoning creatures, people could gain happiness by rigorous training and by living in a way which was natural for humans. They believed that the world belonged equally to everyone, and that suffering was caused by false judgments of what was valuable and by the worthless customs and conventions which surrounded society. Many of these thoughts were later absorbed into Stoicism.[See more about Cynical at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Cynical'
'Cynical' in famous quotation sentence
* Watch what people are cynical about, and one can often discover what they lack. - Harry Emerson Fosdick
* No matter how cynical you get, it is impossible to keep up. - Lily Tomlin
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Cynical Sample Sentences in News
- LG’s wearable is more than a gimmick
I WAS cynical when I donned LG’s G Watch on my wrist for this review. Read more on this news related to 'Cynical'
- Hostile people more likely to suffer a stroke
Feeling cynical and hostile toward others may double the risk of having a stroke in middle-aged and older adults, according to a study out Thursday. The research in Stroke, a journal of the American Heart Association, also found that depression and high stress increased stroke risk. These surveys assessed chronic stress, depressive symptoms, anger and hostility ov Read more on this news related to 'Cynical'
- Harsh Thoughts: Cynicism Linked to Stroke Risk
Middle-age and older people who are highly stressed, have depression or who are perhaps even just cynical may be at increased risk of stroke, according to new research. In the study, more than 6,700 healthy adults ages 45 to 84 completed questionnaires about their stress levels, depressive symptoms, feelings of anger, and hostility, which is a measure of holding c Read more on this news related to 'Cynical'