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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Complaint'

Complaint Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    complaint n
  1. an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining [syn: ailment, ill]
  2. (formerly) a loud cry (or repeated cries) of pain or rage or sorrow
  3. an expression of grievance or resentment
  4. (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
  5. (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense; "he was arrested on a charge of larceny" [syn: charge]
Complaint Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Complaint \Com*plaint"\, n. [F. complainte. See Complain.]
  1. Expression of grief, regret, pain, censure, or resentment; lamentation; murmuring; accusation; fault-finding. I poured out my complaint before him. --Ps. cxlii. 2. Grievous complaints of you. --Shak.
  2. Cause or subject of complaint or murmuring. The poverty of the clergy in England hath been the complaint of all who wish well to the church. --Swift.
  3. An ailment or disease of the body. One in a complaint of his bowels. --Arbuthnot.
  4. (Law) A formal allegation or charge against a party made or presented to the appropriate court or officer, as for a wrong done or a crime committed (in the latter case, generally under oath); an information; accusation; the initial bill in proceedings in equity. Syn: Lamentation; murmuring; sorrow; grief; disease; illness; disorder; malady; ailment.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Complaint'

A complaint, in legal terminology, is a formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party or parties (the plaintiff(s)) believes are sufficient to support a claim against the party or parties against whom the claim is brought (the defendant(s)) that entitles the plaintiff(s) to a remedy (either money damages or injunctive relief). For example, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that govern civil litigation in United States courts provide that a civil action is commenced with the filing or service of a pleading called a complaint. Civil court rules in states that have incorporated the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure use the same term for the same pleading.

In some jurisdictions, specific types of criminal cases may also be commenced by the filing of a complaint, also sometimes called a criminal complaint or felony complaint. All criminal cases are prosecuted in the name of the governmental authority that promulgates criminal statutes and enforces the police power of the state with the goal of seeking criminal sanctions, such as the State (also sometimes called the People) or Crown (in Commonwealth realms). In the United States, the complaint is often associated with misdemeanor criminal charges presented by the prosecutor without the grand jury process. In most U.S. jurisdictions, the charging instrument presented to and authorized by a grand jury is referred to as an indictment.

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'Complaint' in famous quotation sentence

* First love is a kind of vaccination which saves a man from catching the complaint a second time. - Honore' de Balzac

* A little less complaint and whining, and a little more dogged work and manly striving, would do us more credit than a thousand civil rights bills. - W. E. B. Du Bois

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