Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Comparative'
- relating to or based on or involving comparison; "comparative linguistics"
- having significance only in relation to something else; "a comparative newcomer" n : the comparative form of an adjective; "`better' is the comparative of `good'"
- Comparative \Com*par"a*tive\, a. [L. comparativus: cf. F.
- Of or pertaining to comparison. ``The comparative faculty.'' --Glanvill.
- Proceeding from, or by the method of, comparison; as, the comparative sciences; the comparative anatomy.
- Estimated by comparison; relative; not positive or absolute, as compared with another thing or state. The recurrence of comparative warmth and cold. --Whewell. The bubble, by reason of its comparative levity to the fluid that incloses it, would necessarily ascend to the top. --Bentley.
- (Gram.) Expressing a degree greater or less than the positive degree of the quality denoted by an adjective or adverb. The comparative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -er, more, or less; as, brighter, more bright, or less bright. Comparative sciences, those which are based on a comprehensive comparison of the range of objects or facts in any branch or department, and which aim to study out and treat of the fundamental laws or systems of relation pervading them; as, comparative anatomy, comparative physiology, comparative philology.
- Comparative \Com*par"a*tive\, n. (Gram.)
The comparative degree of adjectives and adverbs; also, the
form by which the comparative degree is expressed; as,
stronger, wiser, weaker, more stormy, less windy, are all
In comparatives is expressed a relation of two; as in
superlatives there is a relation of many. --Angus.
- An equal; a rival; a compeer. [Obs.] Gerard ever was His full comparative. --Beau. & Fl.
- One who makes comparisons; one who affects wit. [Obs.] ``Every beardless vain comparative.'' --Shak.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Comparative'
In grammar, the comparative is the form of an adjective or adverb which denotes the degree or grade by which a person, thing, or other entity has a property or quality greater or less in extent than that of another, and is used in this context with a subordinating conjunction, such as than, as...as, etc. If three or more items are being compared, the corresponding superlative needs to be used instead.
The structure of a comparative in English consists normally of the positive form of the adjective or adverb, plus the suffix -er, or (in the case of polysyllabic words borrowed from foreign languages) the modifier more (or less/fewer) before the adjective or adverb. The form is usually completed by than and the noun which is being compared, e.g. "He is taller than his father", or "The village is less picturesque than the town nearby". Than is used as a subordinating conjunction to introduce the second element of a comparative sentence while the first element expresses the difference, as in "Our new house is larger than the old one", "There is less water in Saudi Arabia than in the United States", "There are fewer people in Canada than in California."[See more about Comparative at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Comparative'