Colonization

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Colonization'

Colonization Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    colonization n : the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies; "the British colonization of America" [syn: colonisation, settlement]
Colonization Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Colonization \Col`o*ni*za"tion\, n. [Cf. F. colonisation.] The act of colonizing, or the state of being colonized; the formation of a colony or colonies. The wide continent of America invited colonization. --Bancroft.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Colonization'


Colonization (or colonisation) occurs whenever any one or more species populate an area. The term, which is derived from the Latin colere, "to inhabit, cultivate, frequent, practice, tend, guard, respect," Human colonization is a narrower category than the related concept of colonialism, because whereas colonization refers to settler colonies, trading posts, and plantations, colonialism deals with this and the ruling of new territories' existing peoples.

In ancient times, maritime nations such as the city-states of Greece and Phoenicia often established colonies to farm uninhabited land. In classical times, land suitable for farming was often claimed by migratory "barbarian tribes" who lived by hunting and gathering. To ancient civilized people, the land simply appeared vacant. However this does not mean that conflict did not exist between the colonizers and native peoples.

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