Carbonization

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Carbonization'

Carbonization Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    carbonization n : the destructive distillation of coal (as in coke ovens) [syn: carbonisation]
Carbonization Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Carbonization \Car`bon*i*za"tion\, n. [Cf. F. carbonisation.] The act or process of carbonizing.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Carbonization'


Carbonization or carbonisation is the term for the conversion of an organic substance into carbon or a carbon-containing residue through pyrolysis or destructive distillation. It is often used in organic chemistry with reference to the generation of coal gas and coal tar from raw coal. Fossil fuels in general are the products of the carbonization of vegetable matter.

Carbonization is often exothermic, which means that it could in principle be made self-sustaining and be used as a source of energy which does not produce carbon dioxide. (See .) In the case of glucose, the reaction releases about 237 calories per gram.

When biomaterial is exposed to sudden searing heat (as in the case of an atomic bomb explosion or pyroclastic flow from a volcano, for instance), it can be carbonized extremely quickly, turning it into solid carbon. In the destruction of Herculaneum by a volcano, many organic objects such as furniture were carbonized by the intense heat.

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