Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Bioluminescence'
n : luminescence produced by physiological processes (as in the
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Bioluminescence'
Bioluminescence is the capacity of living things to produce light. Often this is done by symbiosis. In this, the larger organism contains, often in a special organ, microorganisms which make the light. Eukaryote protists have special organelles, and some bacteria also produce light. Bioluminescence is the result of chemical processes, where the energy produced is released as visible light. Bioluminescence has appeared many times during evolution.
ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate), the biological energy source, reacts with luciferin with the aid of the enzyme luciferase to yield an intermediate complex. This complex combines with oxygen to produce a highly chemiluminescent (brightly shining) compound.
The role of Gamma Proteobacteria in producing light is discussed in detail in reference works. The capacity to produce light is an extension of normal metabolism: all chemical reactions produce a few photons. Visible light is produced when the photon production increases. In the case of bacteria, the original function of the reaction was probably to detoxify excessive oxygen.[See more about Bioluminescence at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
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Bioluminescence Sample Sentences in News
- Designer Daan Roosegaarde On Highways, Jellyfish, And Clients Who Say 'Yes, But'
The Dutch artist (www.studioroosegaarde.net) talks about giving clients electric shocks, his glowing paint for a Smart Highway (the first stretch of it launches this year in Holland), jellyfish, and bioluminescence. Read more on this news related to 'Bioluminescence'
- Turn off the lights: Glow-in-the-dark houseplants are on the way
A group of scientists wants to usher in a new era of bioluminescence Read more on this news related to 'Bioluminescence'
- Scientists Developing Glowing Plants
Could bioluminescent plants one day replace light bulbs? That is the goal of a group of California scientists who are looking to genetically engineer bioluminescent plants that could eventually be used as streetlights or bedside reading lamps. “We are using Synthetic Biology techniques and Genome Compiler’s software to insert bioluminescence genes into Arabido Read more on this news related to 'Bioluminescence'