Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Battalion'
- an army unit usually consisting of a headquarters and three or more companies
- a large indefinite number; "a battalion of ants"; "a multitude of TV antennas"; "a plurality of religions" [syn: large number, multitude, plurality, pack]
- Battalion \Bat*tal"ion\, n. (Mil.)
An infantry command of two or more companies, which is the
tactical unit of the infantry, or the smallest command which
is self-supporting upon the battlefield, and also the unit in
which the strength of the infantry of an army is expressed.
Note: In the United States army, since April 29, 1898, a
battalion consists of four companies, and three
battalions form a regiment. The term is also applied to
two or more batteries of artillery combined into a
- Battalion \Bat*tal"ion\, n. [F. bataillon, fr. It. battaglione.
- A body of troops; esp. a body of troops or an army in battle array. ``The whole battalion views.'' --Milton.
- (Mil.) A regiment, or two or more companies of a regiment, esp. when assembled for drill or battle.
- Battalion \Bat*tal"ion\, v. t.
To form into battalions. [R.]
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Battalion'
A battalion is a military unit of around 300–1,300 soldiers usually consisting of between two and seven companies and typically commanded by either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Colonel. Several battalions are grouped to form a regiment or a brigade.
The nomenclature varies by nationality and by branch of arms, for instance, some armies organize their infantry into battalions, but call battalion-sized cavalry, reconnaissance, or tank units a squadron or a regiment instead. There may even be subtle distinctions within a nation's branches of arms, such as a distinction between a tank battalion and an armored squadron, depending on how the unit's operational role is perceived to fit into the army's historical organization.
A battalion is generally the smallest military unit capable of independent operations (i.e., not attached to a higher command), although many armies have smaller units that are self-sustaining. The battalion is usually part of a regiment, group or a brigade, depending on the organizational model used by that service. The bulk of a battalion will ordinarily be homogeneous with respect to type (e.g., an infantry battalion or a tank battalion), although there are many exceptions. Every battalion will also include some sort of combat service support, typically organized within a combat support company.[See more about Battalion at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Battalion'