Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Atrophy'
- a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse [syn: wasting, wasting away]
- any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use) [syn: withering] v : undergo atrophy; "Muscles that are not used will atrophy" [also: atrophied]
- Atrophy \At"ro*phy\, n. [L. atrophia, Gr. ?; 'a priv. + ? to
nourish: cf. F. atrophie.]
A wasting away from want of nourishment; diminution in bulk
or slow emaciation of the body or of any part. --Milton.
- Atrophy \At"ro*phy\, v. t. [p. p. Atrophied.]
To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or
- Atrophy \At"ro*phy\, v. i.
To waste away; to dwindle.
Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Atrophy'
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Causes of atrophy include mutations (which can destroy the gene to build up the organ), poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself. Hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are referred to as trophic in medical practice. Trophic describes the trophic condition of tissue. A diminished muscular trophic is designated as atrophy.
Atrophy is the general physiological process of reabsorption and breakdown of tissues, involving apoptosis on a cellular level. When it occurs as a result of disease or loss of trophic support due to other disease, it is termed pathological atrophy, although it can be a part of normal body development and homeostasis as well.[See more about Atrophy at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]
Words and phrases related to 'Atrophy'
'Atrophy' in famous quotation sentence
Click here for more related quotations on 'Atrophy'
Atrophy Sample Sentences in News
- Mutant protein in muscle linked to neuromuscular disorder
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a rare inherited neuromuscular disorder characterized by slowly progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. In a new study, a team of scientists say novel mouse studies indicate that mutant protein levels in muscle cells are fundamentally involved in SBMA, suggesting an alternative and promising new avenue of treatment. Read more on this news related to 'Atrophy'
- Muscle atrophy could see a green enemy
Maybe spinach wasn’t the only thing Popeye the Sailor should have eaten — green tomatoes can strengthen muscles too. According a team of University of Iowa scientists, a compound found in green tomatoes can boost muscle strength and protect against muscle atrophy. Read more on this news related to 'Atrophy'
- Green Tomatoes May Help Prevent And Treat Muscle Atrophy
April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Muscle atrophy , or wasting, is a problem caused by aging and a variety of illnesses and injuries. The surprising answer to this according to a new study from the University of Iowa might be green tomatoes . The research team, led by Christopher Adams, M.D., Ph.D. , UI associate professor of internal medicine a Read more on this news related to 'Atrophy'