Argument

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Argument'

Argument Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    argument n
  1. a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was true" [syn: statement]
  2. a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement; "they were involved in a violent argument" [syn: controversy, contention, contestation, disputation, disceptation, tilt, arguing]
  3. a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal; "the argument over foreign aid goes on and on" [syn: argumentation, debate]
  4. a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie; "the editor added the argument to the poem" [syn: literary argument]
  5. a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable
Argument Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Argument \Ar"gu*ment\, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr. arguere to argue.]
  1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.] There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument of the existence of a Deity. --Ray. Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence for religion? --South.
  2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition, for or in favor of it, or against it.
  3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation. The argument is about things, but names. --Locke.
  4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem. You and love are still my argument. --Shak. The abstract or argument of the piece. --Jeffrey. [Shields] with boastful argument portrayed. --Milton.
  5. Matter for question; business in hand. [Obs.] Sheathed their swords for lack of argument. --Shak.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Argument'


In logic, an argument is a set of one or more meaningful declarative sentences (or "propositions") known as the premises along with another meaningful declarative sentence (or "proposition") known as the conclusion. A deductive argument asserts that the truth of the conclusion is a logical consequence of the premises; an inductive argument asserts that the truth of the conclusion is supported by the premises. Deductive arguments are valid or invalid, and sound or not sound. An argument is valid if and only if the truth of the conclusion is a logical consequence of the premises and (consequently) its corresponding conditional is a necessary truth. A sound argument is a valid argument with true premises.

Each premise and the conclusion are only either true or false, i.e. are truth bearers. The sentences composing an argument are referred to as being either true or false, not as being valid or invalid; deductive arguments are referred to as being valid or invalid, not as being true or false. Some authors refer to the premises and conclusion using the terms declarative sentence, statement, proposition, sentence, or even indicative utterance. The reason for the variety is concern about the ontological significance of the terms, proposition in particular. Whichever term is used, each premise and the conclusion must be capable of being true or false and nothing else: they are truthbearers.

[See more about Argument at Dictionary 3.0 Encyclopedia]

Words and phrases related to 'Argument'


'Argument' in famous quotation sentence


* Behind every argument is someone's ignorance. - Louis D. Brandeis

* The difficult part in an argument is not to defend one's opinion, but rather to know it. - Andr Maurois

* He who establishes his argument by noise and command shows that his reason is weak. - Michel de Montaigne


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