Apocopation

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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Apocopation'

Apocopation Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Apocopation \A*poc`o*pa"tion\, n. Shortening by apocope; the state of being apocopated.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Apocopation'


In phonology, apocope (pronounced /əˈpɒkəpiː/, from the Greek apokoptein "cutting off", from apo- "away from" and koptein "to cut") is the loss of one or more sounds from the end of a word, and especially the loss of an unstressed vowel.

In historical phonetics, the term apocope is often (but not always) limited to the loss of an unstressed vowel.

In the Estonian language and Sami languages, apocopes help explain the forms of grammatical cases. For example, a nominative is described as having apocope of the final vowel, whereas the genitive does not. Throughout its history, however, the genitive case marker has also undergone apocope: linn ("a city") vs. linna ("of a city"), is derived from linna and linnan, respectively. In the genitive form, final /n/, while being deleted, blocked the loss of /a/. In spoken Finnish, the final vowel is sometimes omitted from case markers.

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