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Dictionary Meaning and Definition on 'Analogy'

Analogy Meaning and Definition from WordNet (r) 2.0
    analogy n
  1. an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
  2. drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
  3. the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate [syn: doctrine of analogy] [ant: apophatism, cataphatism]
Analogy Meaning and Definition from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Analogy \A*nal"o*gy\, n.; pl. Analogies. [L. analogia, Gr. ?, fr. ?: cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.]
  1. A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden. Note: Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy between these objects, or one thing has an analogy to or with another. Note: Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or essential resemblance; but its specific meaning is a similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference between the argument from example and that from analogy. In the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things; in the latter, from the similarity of their relations. --Karslake.
  2. (Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.
  3. (Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios.
  4. (Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly. --Johnson.
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Wikipedia Meaning and Definition on 'Analogy'

Analogy (from Greek "ἀναλογία" – analogia, "proportion") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy.

Analogy plays a significant role in problem solving, decision making, perception, memory, creativity, emotion, explanation and communication. It lies behind basic tasks such as the identification of places, objects and people, for example, in face perception and facial recognition systems. It has been argued that analogy is "the core of cognition". Specific analogical language comprises exemplification, comparisons, metaphors, similes, allegories, and parables, but not metonymy. Phrases like and so on, and the like, as if, and the very word like also rely on an analogical understanding by the receiver of a message including them. Analogy is important not only in ordinary language and common sense (where proverbs and idioms give many examples of its application) but also in science, philosophy and the humanities. The concepts of association, comparison, correspondence, mathematical and morphological homology, homomorphism, iconicity, isomorphism, metaphor, resemblance, and similarity are closely related to analogy. In cognitive linguistics, the notion of conceptual metaphor may be equivalent to that of analogy.

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'Analogy' in famous quotation sentence

* The fact that astronomies change while the stars abide is a true analogy of every realm of human life and thought, religion not least of all. No existent theology can be a final formulation of spiritual truth. - Harry Emerson Fosdick

* All perception of truth is the detection of an analogy we reason from our hands to our head. - Henry David Thoreau

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Analogy Sample Sentences in News

  • Pell's trucker analogy 'ludicrous'
    Families of victims of pedophile priests have described Cardinal George Pell's comments likening the Catholic Church to a trucking company as "ludicrous". Read more on this news related to 'Analogy'
  • A Gandhi analogy fails to sway judge in marijuana case
    History should decide, not the courts, whether Chris Goldstein and Don DeZarn - two New Jerseyans who each lit up a hand-rolled marijuana cigarette during a protest at Independence National Historical Park last year - belong in the same pantheon as Mohandas K. Gandhi, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Harvey Milk, and Allen Ginsberg, a federal judge said in a c Read more on this news related to 'Analogy'
  • PM 'won't get away with a rugby analogy and a smile'
    Labour leader David Cunliffe has hit back at an All Blacks analogy used by Prime Minister John Key relating to his former staffer Jason Ede going through an unlocked database on Labour's website.Journalist Nicky Hager's book Dirty... Read more on this news related to 'Analogy'

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